Passport of Ignaz "Israel" Gerstl, with J
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Gift of Josef and Hedy Gerstl, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies
Id no. 5139.88, Document, English, German
Subject(s):  Emigration, Race laws
As of October 5,1938, German Jews were required to have the letter "J" stamped in their passports. As of January 1, 1939, all Jews who did not have a clearly recognizable Jewish name were forced to take the middle names of "Israel" (for men) and "Sara" (for women).
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