Passport of Marguerite "Sara" Hirsch, with J
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Gift of Warner Hirsh, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies
Id no. 5049.89, Document, English, Spanish, German
Subject(s):  Race laws, Emigration, Refugees
As of October 5,1938, German Jews were required to have the letter "J" stamped in their passports. As of January 1, 1939, all Jews who did not have a clearly recognizable Jewish name were forced to take the middle names of "Israel" (for men) and "Sara" (for women).
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