Kennkarte of Norbert "Israel" Strauss, with J
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Gift of Herman Strauss and Norbert Strauss
Id no. 160.96, Document, German
Subject(s):  Children, Race laws
All Germans - "Aryans" as well as Jews - were required to carry identity papers (kennkarten) at all times. In addition, Nazi law demanded that Jews who did not have easily identifiable Jewish names add "Israel," for a man, or "Sara," for a woman. The kennkarten is also marked with a "J" for "Jude" (Jew).
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