Gift of Milton and Gita Kaufman and Howard and Sue Pinsky
Id no. 1788.91, Artwork
This paper heart was decorated by Zuzana Hojtas(ova) while she was interned in the Terezin Ghetto from 1942-1945.
Zuzana was born to Gertrude and Emil Hojtas in 1935. She and her sister Ghita (b. 1932) grew up in Prague, Czechoslovakia. Emil worked in his family business Karel Kucera, which manufactured military uniforms, accessories, and medals, until he moved to England. Though Emil was able to emigrate before the Nazis invaded in 1939, he was unable to get his family out of Czechoslovakia in time.
Ghita, Zuzana, and Gertrude were deported from their home in Prague to Terezin three years later, in 1942. In the Terezin ghetto, children ten and older were separated from their parents and lived in an area designated for youths. Despite the harsh conditions in the ghetto, Ghita, Zuzana, and Gertrude survived and were liberated in March 1945. They reunited with Emil in Czechoslovakia and immigrated to the US in 1948.