Passport of Hermann "Israel" Sommerfeld, with J
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Gift of Irene Sommerfeld
Id no. 1205.90.1-2, Document, Italian, German, French
Subject(s):  Race laws
As of October 5,1938, German Jews were required to have the letter "J" stamped in their passports. As of January 1, 1939, all Jews who did not have a clearly recognizable Jewish name were forced to take the middle names of "Israel" (for men) and "Sara" (for women).
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