Testimony of Salamon Katz
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Id no. 1992.V.80, Testimony, English
Created by:  Salamon Katz
Videotape testimony of Salamon Katz, who was born in Nizhna Apsha, Czechoslovakia (presently Dubrava, Ukraine) c. 1915, one of nine children. He recalls Hungarian occupation in 1940; compulsory service in a Hungarian labor battalion; postings in Budapest, Munkacs, and the Soviet Union; digging trenches; transfer to an indoor position after demonstrating his carving skills; watching soldiers burn a building filled with sick, elderly Jews; transfer to Kiev, then Lvov; being assigned to cover mass graves filled with murdered Jews near a Polish town; returning to Nizhna Apsha; his family not believing his warnings about the murders of Jews in the Soviet Union and Poland; building a bunker; hiding during a roundup; discovery (his father and one sister remained in hiding); ghettoization; deportation to Auschwitz; separation from his mother and sister; assignment indoors due to his carving skills; evacuation from Auschwitz; escaping during a death march; hiding with a Polish family; and liberation by Soviet troops. Mr. Katz recounts living in Cracow; learning his father, three sisters, and one brother were in Sighet, Romania; moving to Sighet, then to As, Czechoslovakia; and Bamberg displaced persons camp with help from bricha; marriage; and emigration to the United States. Mr. Katz shows photographs. (2 hr., 12 min.)
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