Id no. 116.97, Artwork, German
Czech artist Leo Haas was deported to the Terezin Ghetto in 1942, where he and other artists worked for the Nazis and also secretly created drawings and sketches based on their own experiences of ghetto life. In June 1944, some of these clandestine drawings were smuggled out of Terezin, and discovered by the Nazis. They arrested Haas and other artists (Ferdinand Bloch, Bedrich Fritta, and Otto Ungar) and brutally interrogated them in the Small Fortress prison to discover who created the ?atrocity art.? Refusing to talk, all four men and other artists were deported to Auschwitz. Bloch and Fritta did not survive, while Ungar was sent to Buchenwald and Hass to Sachsenhausen, where he was forced to work as a counterfeiter. After the war (1946 ? 1964) Haas used his sketches to produce prints such as this one. This black and white print entitled ?A Census? (in German, ?Eine Volkszahlang?) shows rows of prisoners standing in an open field, waiting to be counted by the Nazis. Haas later commented that the prisoners would be forced to stand outside for hours and hours for a recount if any single person among the thousands was missing. As Haas recalled, ?[They] were counted and counted all day long. By the evening there were fewer, because the elderly and small children could not tolerate the raw October weather. They were crossed off the list.?