Leben Und Treiben [Life and Work]
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Id no. 113.97, Artwork, German
Created by:  Leo Haas
Subject(s):  Music
Czech artist Leo Haas was deported to the Terezin Ghetto in 1942, where he and other artists worked for the Nazis and also secretly created drawings and sketches based on their own experiences of ghetto life. In June 1944, some of these clandestine drawings were smuggled out of Terezin, and discovered by the Nazis. They arrested Haas, and other artists (Ferdinand Bloch, Bedrich Fritta, and Otto Ungar) and brutally interrogated them in the Small Fortress prison to discover who created the "atrocity art." Refusing to talk, all four men and other artists were deported to Auschwitz. Bloch and Fritta did not survive, while Ungar was sent to Buchenwald and Hass to Sachsenhausen, where he was forced to work as a counterfeiter. After the war (1946 ? 1964) Haas used his sketches to produce prints such as this one. This black and white print entitled "Life and Work" (in German, "Leben und Treiben") shows some of the gruesome daily activities of prisoners in Terezin. In the background, an orchestra plays atop a bandstand, forced to entertain the ghetto officials and to accompany the march to death of those in the foreground, who head towards their death. Death itself is vividly illustrated by the lifeless body carted through the center of the composition, covered by a tallit (a Jewish prayer shawl). Haas later recalled, "While the music sounds, inmates are dragged to the transport to Auschwitz, into the gas."
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