Passport of Bertha ?Sara? Wertheim, with J
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Gift of the Estate of Alfred Wertheim, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies
Id no. 5080.80, Document
Subject(s):  Emigration, Race laws
As of October 5, 1938, German Jews were required to have the letter "J" stamped in their passports. As of January 1, 1939, all Jews who did not have a clearly recognizable Jewish name were forced to take the middle names of "Israel" (for men) and "Sara" (for women).

The passport contains stamps from Colombo, Sri Lanka, and Shanghai.

Bertha Wertheim, nee Katzenstein, was born in Eschwege, Germany in 1863 and died in Shanghai in 1942. She lived in Eisleben, Germany, with her husband, Moses, and two sons, Alfred and Adolf. Alfred was interned in the Buchenwald concentration camp in 1938. After his release, Bertha, Adolf, and Alfred escaped to Shanghai in May or June of 1939. The men lived there until 1948 when they moved to the U.S.
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