Passport of Alfred ?Israel? Wertheim, with J
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Gift of the Estate of Alfred Wertheim, Yaffa Eliach Collection donated by the Center for Holocaust Studies
Id no. 5079.80, Document
Subject(s):  Emigration, Race laws
As of October 5, 1938, German Jews were required to have the letter "J" stamped in their passports. As of January 1, 1939, all Jews who did not have a clearly recognizable Jewish name were forced to take the middle names of "Israel" (for men) and "Sara" (for women).

The passport contains stamps from Colombo, Sri Lanka, and Shanghai.

Wertheim was born in Eisleben, Germany, in 1900. He was interned in the Buchenwald concentration camp in April 1938. Upon his release in May or June of 1939, he escaped to Shanghai with his mother and brother. Many Jews went to Shanghai during the war because no visa was required for entry.
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